A Closer Look at Hashing and Encryption

cyber security

In our digital age, security is more important than ever. We rely on our devices to keep us connected and organized, but we also need to be able to trust that our data is safe from unauthorized access. There are several ways to secure your data, but two of the most common are hashing and encryption.

Both hashing and encryption transform data into a format that is unreadable by people. While they both serve similar purposes, there are differences between hashing and encryption. Hashing is involved with data integrity, while encryption protects data from third parties. Let’s take a closer look at what these terms mean and how they are used.

What is Hashing?

Hashing is a key part of many cybersecurity applications used to protect information from being accessed or modified without permission. This cryptographic process takes a piece of text and produces a fixed-size output, known as a hash. The hash verifies the authenticity of the text, as well as indexes and compares it against other pieces of text. Hashing is an essential tool in applications such as password management, data integrity, and digital signatures.

How Does Hashing Work?

When data is hashed, it is converted into a code that is only readable by someone with the key. This key is typically only known by the person who created the hash. As a result, hashing ensures that data remains confidential. Additionally, hashing verifies the integrity of data. When data is transmitted, it can be hashed again to ensure that it has not been altered in transit. If the new hash does not match the original, this indicates that the data has been tampered with and can be rejected.

In many cases, the hash is generated using a mathematical function that is designed to be one-way – that is, it is easy to compute the hash for any given piece of text, but it is difficult to reverse the process and reconstruct the original text from the hash. This makes hashing an effective way to protect data from tampering or unauthorized access.

What is Encryption?

Encryption is a process of transforming readable data into an unreadable format. This is done through algorithms, which are mathematical formulas that encode and decode data. In the cybersecurity world, encryption is used to protect information and sensitive data from being accessed, stolen or tampered by unauthorized individuals.

There are many different types of encryption algorithms, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. When choosing an encryption algorithm, it is important to consider the type of data that will be encrypted, as well as the desired level of security. In some cases, encryption can be compromised by hacks or insider threats. For this reason, it is often used in conjunction with other cybersecurity measures such as access control and activity monitoring.

Some Common Hashing Algorithms

Message Digest (MD5)SHA

Tiger Algorithm

Message Digest Algorithm (MD4)

RIPMEND

WHIRLPOOL Algorithm

Hashing Algorithms

Types of Encryption

There are two main categories that encryption is divided into

  1. Modern Encryption Algorithms
  2. Historical Encryption Algorithms

1. Modern Encryption Algorithms

Symmetric Encryption

Symmetric-key encryption is relatively fast and efficient, but it requires both parties to share the same key.

Asymmetric Encryption

Asymmetric hashing, also known as public key hashing, uses a pair of keys – a public key and a private key – to generate the fingerprint. The public key can be shared widely, but the private key must be kept secret.

2. Historical Encryption Algorithms

Shift ciphers, Substitution ciphers, Transposition ciphers, Polyalphabetic ciphers and Nomenclator ciphers are the types of historical algorithms each with its own purpose.

The Difference Between Hashing and Encryption

Hashing is a one-way process that converts data into a fixed-length code. This code is known as a hash value or simply a hash. Encryption, on the other hand, is a two-way process that encodes data using an algorithm. This algorithm can be used to decrypt the data, making it readable again. The key difference between hashing and encryption is that hashing is not reversible, while encryption is. This means that once data has been hashed, it cannot be decrypted. In contrast, encrypted data can be decrypted using the proper key. For this reason, hashing is typically used to verify data integrity, while encryption is used to protect data confidentiality.

Encryption provides a higher level of security than hashing, but it is also more resource intensive. For this reason, cybersecurity experts must carefully weigh the trade-offs between security and efficiency when deciding which method to use.

Want to Encrypt your website?

If your website is encrypted, all the information passed between the two ends will be encoded. This means there is limited access control protecting your website against spies. If there is a breach, a culprit can be easily identified.

SSL Certificate for your Website

SSL stands for “Secure Sockets Layer,” which is a type of encryption that helps keep data safe as it travels between two devices. When you visit a website with an SSL certificate, you can be sure that your connection is secure and will protect any information you share.

type of ssl certificates
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